Matayen da suka ciri tuta a nahiyar Afirka ta hanyar mulkar ƙasashen su

 


 Akwai kasashe sama da hamsin masu cin gashin kansu a nahiyar Afirka. Yawancin waɗannan ƙasashe suna da aƙalla shugaba ƙasa guda ɗaya mai ƙarfi iko na faɗa aji. 

 Haƙiƙa Maza sun mamaye siyasar Afirka a shekarun baya. Sai dai duk da haka akwai wasu matan a nahiyar ta Afirka da suka taba samun damar ɗarewa a kan kujerar shugabancin kasashensu.  Bari mu kalli wasu daga cikinsu.



 1. Ellen Johnson Sirleaf

Shugaba Ellen Johnson Sirleaf ita ce kan gaba wajen samar da zaman lafiya, adalci da mulkin demokradiyya.  Ta girma a Monrovia babban birnin kasar Laberiya, inda ta yi aure kuma ta haifi 'ya'ya maza hudu.


 Daga baya shugabar kasar Johnson Sirleaf ta koma kasar Amurka inda ta samu digirin digirgir a fannin lissafi a Kwalejin Kasuwancin Madison da kuma digiri na biyu a fannin harkokin gwamnati daga Makarantar Gwamnati ta Kennedy ta Jami’ar Harvard.


A kokarinta na tabbatar da adalci ga al'ummarta a Laberiya, ta shafe sama da shekara guda a gidan yari a hannun mulkin kama-karya na mulkin soja na Janar Samuel Doe da kuma barazanar da tsohon shugaban kasar Charles Taylor ya yi mata.  Ta yi yakin neman zaben tsige Taylor daga mukaminta ba tare da bata lokaci ba, kuma ta taka rawar gani a gwamnatin rikon kwarya ta Laberiya yayin da kasar ke shirin gudanar da zabe a watan Oktoba na shekarar 2005.


KARANTA: "Shugabannin Mafiya Yawan Shekaru A Afrika”





 Shugaba Johnson Sirleaf ta kasance ‘yar takarar shugaban kasa a babban zaben kasar Laberiya a shekarar 1997 inda ta zo na biyu a cikin jadawalin jam'iyyu 13. Kafin nan, ta yi aiki na tsawon shekaru biyar a matsayin mataimakiyar shugabar kasa da kuma darakta a ofishin shiyya na Afirka na shirin ci gaban Majalisar Dinkin Duniya a matsayin mataimakiyar.  Sakatare Janar na Majalisar Dinkin Duniya, kuma ita ce mace ta farko da ta jagoranci ayyukan ci gaban Majalisar Dinkin Duniya a Afirka.


A watan Nuwamban shekarar 2005 ne aka zabi shugaba Ellen Johnson Sirleaf a matsayin shugabar kasar Laberiya, kuma ta zama mace ta farko da ta jagoranci wata kasa ta Afirka.  A zaben dai ta doke fitaccen dan wasan kwallon kafa na duniya George Weah da kashi 59.4 na kuri'un da aka kada.


 A watan Oktoban 2007, shugabar Ellen Johnson Sirleaf ta samu lambar yabo ta Shugaban kasa ta 'Yanci, lambar yabo mafi girma ta Amurka, saboda jajircewarta da jajircewarta na fadada 'yanci da inganta rayuwar al'ummar Laberiya da ma Afirka baki daya.  Kuma a shekarar 2010, a matsayin mace daya tilo da ta zama shugabar kasa ta Afirka, Mujallar Newsweek ta nada Shugaba Ellen Johnson Sirleaf a matsayin daya daga cikin manyan shugabannin duniya goma.


 

 2. Samia Suluhu Hassan

  An haifi Samia Suluhu Hassanan a ranar 27 ga Janairu 1960 'yar Afirka ce da ta taba rike mukamin shugabar kasarta. Samia Suluhu Hassan ita ce shugabar Tanzaniya mai ci a yanzu. Tana daya daga cikin mata masu fada a ji a siyasar Afirka.


KARANTA: "Adadin Albashi Da Wasu Daga Cikin Shugabannin Afrika Suke Dauka Harda Buhari A ciki”




  Mamba ce a jam'iyyar Social-Democrat Chama Cha Mapinduzi (CCM).  Suluhu ita ce shugabar gwamnati mace ta uku a wata kasa ta Gabashin Afirka (EAC), bayan Sylvie Kinigi a Burundi da Agathe Uwilingiyimana a Ruwanda, kuma ita ce shugabar mace ta farko a Tanzaniya.  Ta fara aiki a ranar 19 ga Maris 2021 bayan mutuwar Shugaba John Magufuli a ranar 17 ga Maris 2021.


 3. Sahle-Work Zewde

 Sahle-Work Zewde jami'ar diflomasiyya ce kuma mace ta farko da ta zama shugabar kasar Habasha. Mambobin Majalisar Dokokin Tarayyar Habasha ne suka zabe ta a kan mukamin a ranar 25 ga Oktoba, 2018.

 Har ila yau, ta samu karbuwa sosai ciki har da kasancewa daya daga cikin mata masu karfin fada aji a Afirka da kuma duniya baki daya.


KARANTA: "Karanta Labarin Macen Data Auri Maza 7 A Rana Ɗaya”




  Majalisar dokokin kasar Habasha ta amince da shugabar Sahle-Work da gagarumin rinjaye a ranar 25 ga watan Oktoba, 2018. A sakamakon haka, ta maye gurbin Mulatu Teshome wanda ya yi murabus daga mukaminsa ba zato ba tsammani. 

 Har ila yau, ta zama mace ta farko da ta taba zama shugabar kasa a Afirka, kuma mace daya tilo da ke kan mulki a Afirka, tare da fatan yin wa'adi biyu na shekaru shida.

  Sahle-Work na da aure da ‘ya’ya biyu.


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